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Teaching Passive Voice to the Adult Students Using Inductive Approach

  • Date Submitted: 02/19/2012 06:11 AM
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Research Topic:
Teaching Passive Voice to the Adult Students Using Inductive Approach

Submitted to
Dr. Dil Afroze Quader
IML, Dhaka University

Submitted by
Md. Rezaul Islam
MA ELT,
IML, Dhaka University
Roll: 07

Abstract

The passive voice is an important grammatical structure that appears in every form of written and spoken English. Knowledge of this construction is vital for reading and writing English in everyday life. This paper introduces an inductive approach to English Passive teaching that can help students to rediscover their subconscious knowledge of English passive and bring it to consciousness, as the grammar of a language is acquired through abstracting a set of grammatical rules from language data, rather than through imitation (cf. Chomsky, 1986; 1995; 2002). The fundamental ideas behind this inductive approach can be summarized as the following four steps: 1) give students a set of English language data about an area of English grammar; 2) ask students to generalize a grammatical rule from the set of data; 3) ask students to test the grammatical rule against new English language data; and 4) ask students to revise the grammatical rule to accommodate the new data. The significance of this inductive approach lies in the fact that it actively involves students in their English grammar learning process because they have to formulate grammatical rules by themselves and to check, test and revise these rules, rather than to memorize them without understanding why, and that it will reform the traditional way of teaching English grammar by bringing a fresh perspective into this field to develop and enhance students’ English grammar competence and skills.

Key words: Bangladeshi, deductive, guided inductive, instructional approaches, adult students, PACE model

Introduction
The adoption of language teaching practices aimed at developing language learners’ proficiency in communicative contexts has led to research on the effects of...

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