Historical background of Russia
1. -presidential elections in Russia began in 1991; the first president elected was Boris Yeltsin on June 13 1991, representing the Democratic Russia Party. The elections began in Russia due to the deterioration of the Soviet Union. The collapse of the Soviet Union was caused by economic difficulties and political unrest.
-three presidents: yeltsin, Putin, and Medvedev.
Yeltsin 25th December 1991 – 31st December 1999
Putin 31st December 1999 – 7 May 2008
Medvedev 7 May 2008- 7 May 2012
Putin begins another tern on the 7th of may 2012 and is projected to end that term on the 7th of may 2018.
Parties that have held majorities in legislative bodies are Communist Party of the Russian Federation, and primarily the United Russia.
2. The Constitution of Russia does not explicitly determine the President as the head of the executive branch, executive power is de facto split between the President and the Prime Minister, who is the head of government. The presidential candidate can serve no more than 2 consecutive 6 year terms; however the candidate can run for however many non-consecutive terms. The president is elected by direct, popular election.
The Federal Assembly has two chambers. The State Duma has 450 members, elected for five-year terms all of them by proportional representation. The Federation Council is not directly elected; each of the 83 federal subjects of Russia sends 2 delegates to the Federal Council, for a total of 166 members.
The current Russian government is made up of the prime minister, two first deputy prime ministers, seven deputy prime ministers and 17 ministers. In total there are 18 ministries
Most ministries and federal services report directly to the prime minister, who then reports to the president.
Prime Minister | Vladimir Putin | 2008 |
First Deputy Prime Minister | Viktor Zubkov | 2008 |
First Deputy Prime Minister | Igor Shuvalov | 2008 |
Deputy Prime Minister and Head of the...