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Illiteracy in India

  • Date Submitted: 07/01/2013 07:06 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 45.3 
  • Words: 620
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One of the major social problem of India is illiteracy. More than one quarter of adult world population i.e. 889 million is illiterate. Also more than 1000 million children in the developing countries are not attending the schools. The number of illiterates' is likely to swell in the near future. 1990 was considered as the International Literacy Year by the United Nations General Assembly. This was done so to focus the world attention on the problem and to intensify the efforts to spread education.
If we see the figures, we will notice that although the percentage of Illiterates in adult population in the world is steadily declining, the absolute number of illiterates continues to increase as a result of global population growth. Women are more seriously affected. They constitute 60% of all adult illiterates and it has been calculated that 98% of the world's illiterates live in poor and developing countries. So there is a great link between the developing countries and illiteracy. In underdeveloped countries and developing coun¬tries, the problem of illiteracy is on highest peak. In some of recent studies it has been seen that in the families where the mother is literate the incidents of child death and mal-nutrition are very less. Similarly agricultural production among poor farmers having some year's of schoolings is much higher.
Many developing countries have been trying to expand primary educa¬tion, but they were not successful because of some economic and financial problems. In some countries even 50% of the adults can read and write. Tanzania, Tobaga and Trinidad are a few countries, where adult literacy range over 50%. On the other hand there are some countries like Nigeria, Somalia and Yeman where less than 20% adults are literate. According to an estimate in France 15% of adults are functionally illiterate. The case of Federal Republic of Germany is not very different where number of functionally illiterates ranges between 500,000 and 3 million. Even USA...


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