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Cirrhosis

  • Date Submitted: 01/28/2010 05:10 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 46.7 
  • Words: 830
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Cirrhosis is a serious disease of the liver where scar tissue replaces normal healthy tissue, and affects the function and structure of the liver.   Liver, which is the largest organ in the body, has a vital roles which are important to keep the body functioning well.   Liver makes proteins and enzymes that regulate blood clotting.   It also regulates cholesterol and stores the energy.   In addition, the liver removes poisons from the blood.   30% of cirrhosis\'s victims are diagnosed will remain alive for 5 years.   Cirrhosis can be defined regarding its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

Cirrhosis has many causes, although the most common ones are alcoholism and chronic viral hepatitis B, and C.   Cirrhosis can develop as a result of consuming alcohol varying from person to person depending on the amount and regularity of intake.   Chronic viral hepatitis B and hepatitis C are also a major cause of cirrhosis, while the hepatitis A does not cause cirrhosis.   Hepatitis B, which is the most common in Africa and Asia, causes inflammation and injury of the liver can lead to cirrhosis.   Hepatitis C, which is the most common found in Europe and the U.S, works in the same manner as hepatitis B in damaging the liver.   Further cause of cirrhosis is the primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) which is commonly found in women.   PBC is caused by disorder of the immune system.   Normally, liver produces a bile, which is carried via the bile ducts to the intestines to digest food while in PBC the small bile ducts become inflamed, blocked, and scarred.   Absence of bile causes intense skin itching, jaundice, and decrease absorption of calcium and vitamin D resulting in osteoprosis.   Metabolism and genetics also participate in cirrhosis for example abnormal collection of iron (hemochromatosis) or copper (Wilson\'s disease) in the liver causing injury, scarring and cirrhosis.   Further cause of cirrhosis is the Autoimmune chronic active hepatitis that happens when the immune system...

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