- Hernán Cortés De Monroy y Pizarro And The City Of The Aztecs. Greed And Vanity
- his own kingdom? Mouthwatering. Too good to be true. But, Cortés is there, hes seen it.
Once again Cortés adds to the short-comings and savagery of people by the...
- Aztec Empire
- wavering about how to respond to the Spanish force, Aztec ruler Montezuma II allowed Cortés to enter the city in order to learn more about him and his intentions...
- Octavio Ocampo
- 1523, just two years after the Aztec capital of Tenochitlan fell to Hernán Cortés and his Conquistadors, the first Roman Catholic missionaries arrived to begin the...
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- Date Submitted:
- 01/28/2010 06:28 AM
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Cortés, Hernán or Cortez, Hernando (1485-1547), Spanish explorer and conqueror of the Aztec Empire
Cortés was born in Medellín, Extremadura. He studied law at the University of Salamanca, but cut short
university career in 1501 and decided to try his fortune in the New World. He sailed for Santo Domingo in
spring of 1504. In 1511 he joined the Spanish soldier and administrator Diego Velázquez in the conquest
Cuba, and subsequently became alcalde (mayor) of Santiago de Cuba. In 1518 he persuaded Velázquez, who
beco1me governor of Cuba, to give him the command of an expedition to Mexico. The mainland had been
discovered the year before by the Spanish soldier and explorer Francisco Fernández de Córdoba and
subsequently by Juan de Grijalva, nephew of Velázquez.
On February 19, 1519, Cortés, with a force of some 600 men, fewer than 20 horses, and 10 field pieces,
from Cuba, despite the cancellation of his commission by Velázquez, who had become suspicious that
once in a position to establish himself independently, would refuse to recognize his authority. Cortés
the coast of Yucatán and in March 1519 landed in Mexico, subjugating the town of Tabasco; the artillery
Spaniards, the ships, and particularly the horses filled the natives with awe. From the natives of
learned of the Aztec Empire and its ruler, Montezuma II.
Cortés took numerous captives, one of whom, Malinche (baptized Marina), became his mistress; out of
him she acted as the interpreter, guide, and counselor for the Spaniards. Finding a better harbor a
little north of
San Juan, the Spaniards moved there and established a town, La Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz (now Veracruz).
Cortés organized an independent...
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