- Hernán Cortés De Monroy y Pizarro And The City Of The Aztecs. Greed And Vanity
- that only a real king could instill. The man even had his own zoo! animals AND people! Cortés sold the fact that Montezuma was a king of equal maybe greater stature...
- Aztec Empire
- Spain. The Spaniards remained in the city without opposition until about six months later, when, in Cortés's absence, Spanish officer Pedro de Alvarado massacred 200...
- Octavio Ocampo
- in 1523, just two years after the Aztec capital of Tenochitlan fell to Hernán Cortés and his Conquistadors, the first Roman Catholic missionaries arrived to begin...
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- Date Submitted:
- 01/28/2010 06:28 AM
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Cortés, Hernán or Cortez, Hernando (1485-1547), Spanish explorer and conqueror of the Aztec Empire
Cortés was born in Medellín, Extremadura. He studied law at the University of Salamanca, but cut short
university career in 1501 and decided to try his fortune in the New World. He sailed for Santo Domingo in
spring of 1504. In 1511 he joined the Spanish soldier and administrator Diego Velázquez in the conquest
Cuba, and subsequently became alcalde (mayor) of Santiago de Cuba. In 1518 he persuaded Velázquez, who
beco1me governor of Cuba, to give him the command of an expedition to Mexico. The mainland had been
discovered the year before by the Spanish soldier and explorer Francisco Fernández de Córdoba and
subsequently by Juan de Grijalva, nephew of Velázquez.
On February 19, 1519, Cortés, with a force of some 600 men, fewer than 20 horses, and 10 field pieces,
from Cuba, despite the cancellation of his commission by Velázquez, who had become suspicious that
once in a position to establish himself independently, would refuse to recognize his authority. Cortés
the coast of Yucatán and in March 1519 landed in Mexico, subjugating the town of Tabasco; the artillery
Spaniards, the ships, and particularly the horses filled the natives with awe. From the natives of
learned of the Aztec Empire and its ruler, Montezuma II.
Cortés took numerous captives, one of whom, Malinche (baptized Marina), became his mistress; out of
him she acted as the interpreter, guide, and counselor for the Spaniards. Finding a better harbor a
little north of
San Juan, the Spaniards moved there and established a town, La Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz (now Veracruz).
Cortés organized an independent...
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