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Demand and Supply

  • Date Submitted: 01/28/2016 07:06 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 57.3 
  • Words: 410
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Demand
Demand is the rate at which consumers want to buy a product. Economic theory holds that demand consists of two factors: taste and ability to buy. Taste, which is the desire for a good, determines the willingness to buy the good at a specific price. Ability to buy means that to buy a good at specific price, an individual must possess sufficient wealth or income.
Both factors of demand depend on the market price. When the market price for a product is high, the demand will be low. When price is low, demand is high. At very low prices, many consumers will be able to purchase a product. However, people usually want only so much of a good. Acquiring additional increments of a good or service in some time period will yield less and less satisfaction.3 As a result, the demand for a product at low prices is limited by taste and is not infinite even when the price equals zero. As the price increases, the same amount of money will purchase fewer products. When the price for a product is very high, the demand will decrease because, while consumers may wish to purchase a product very much, they are limited by their ability to buy.
The curve in Figure 1 shows a generalized relationship between the price of a good and the quantity which consumers are willing to purchase in a given time period. This is known as a simple demand curve.
Supply
Willingness and ability to supply goods determine the seller’s actions. At higher prices, more of the commodity will be available to the buyers. This is because the suppliers will be able to maintain a profit despite the higher costs of production that may result from short-term expansion of their capacity5.
In a real market, when the inventory is less than the desired inventory, manufacturers will raise both the supply of their product and its price. The short-term increase in supply causes manufacturing costs to rise, leading to a further increase in price. The price change in turn increases the desired rate of production....

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