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Explain Why the Philippines and California Multiple Hazard Hotspots Are Affected by Disasters in Different Ways (15)

  • Date Submitted: 02/23/2016 07:26 AM
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Explain why the Philippines and California multiple hazard hotspots are affected by disasters in different ways (15)
A hazard hotspot is an area exposed to multiple hazards, 2 or more, both geophysical (earthquakes, volcanoes and landslides) and hydro-meteorological (storms, floods and drought). A disaster is a hazard becoming reality in an event that causes deaths and damage to goods or property and the environment. California and the Philippines are 2 of the most high risk countries from multiple hazards, but they are both at different levels of development which affects their vulnerability. California is home to megacities like LA, and is an MDC so is more developed and prepared. Whereas the Philippines is an LDC and is very densely populates therefore is vulnerable to disasters and has a low capacity to cope.
In the Philippines earthquakes are common and high magnitude, as the pacific plate subducts below the Philippine plate affecting many of their 7000 islands. Luzon was affected by an earthquake on 16th July 1990 of 7.7 magnitude. 1,600 were killed, more than 3,000 injured and it caused landslides and liquefaction. Volcanoes occur along their destructive plate boundary, like Mount Pinatubo which last erupted on 15th June 1991 and 800 were killed. Typhoons are the most common disaster in the Philippines, due to its location in the belt of South East Asian typhoons, which sometimes cause floods and landslides. Coastal flooding is common due to the amount of coast on the Philippines because it is made up of many islands. Flash floods from 1990-2012 ki8lled 1,147 and has US$1billion is economic losses. Typhoon fengshen took place in June 2008 and 1.400 were killed.
The hazards are worse in the Philippines due to their dense population and urbanisation in coastal areas making people vulnerable, especially to flooding and tsunamis. Their small economy, less access to medical services and unstable infrastructure means they have a low capacity to cope.
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