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Njac

  • Date Submitted: 03/16/2016 02:03 AM
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National Judicial Appointments Commission
National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) is a proposed body responsible for the appointment and transfer of judges to the higher
judiciary in India. The Commission is proposed to be established by amending the Constitution of India through the ninety­ninth constitution
amendment vide the Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty First Amendment Bill) 2014 passed by the Lok Sabha on 13 August 2014 and by the
Rajya Sabha on 14 August 2014.
The NJAC will replace the collegium system for the appointment of judges as mandated in the existing pre­amended constitution by a new system.
Along with the Constitution Amendment Bill, the National Judicial Appointments Commission Bill, 2014, was also passed by the Lok Sabha and the
Rajya Sabha to regulate the functions of the National Judicial Appointments Commission.The NJAC Bill
and the Constitutional Amendment Bill, was ratified by 16 of the state legislatures in India, and
subsequently assented by the President of India on 31 December 2014.
Constitution of the National Judicial Appointments Commission
A new article, Article 124A, (which provides for the composition of the NJAC) will be inserted into the
Constitution.
Composition
As per the amended provisions of the constitution, the Commission will consist of the following persons:
Chief Justice of India (Chairperson, ex officio)
Two other senior judges of the Supreme Court next to the Chief Justice of India ­ ex officio
The Union Minister of Law and Justice, ex­officio
Two eminent persons (to be nominated by a committee consisting of the Chief Justice of India, Prime Minister of India and the Leader of
opposition in the Lok Sabha or where there is no such Leader of Opposition, then, the Leader of single largest Opposition Party in Lok Sabha),
provided that of the two eminent persons, one person would be from the Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes or OBC or minority
communities or a woman. The eminent...

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