Words of Wisdom:

"Mass-murderers come from the most surprising places(Ex. Hitler-Vegetarian/Painter)" - Maituan

Favoritism

  • Date Submitted: 03/27/2010 09:31 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 55.1 
  • Words: 798
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Section A
Answer this question.
1 Private home ownership is increasing in China. For years the urban Chinese relied on
Overcrowded housing rented from the state and often waited a long time to have their own apartment. Now, with the increase in the market economy, the government is encouraging city dwellers to buy their own homes by giving cheap loans and tax-relief. Home buying will help China’s economy. New home-owners need to spend money on furniture, appliances and decorating. GDP grew by 8% in 1999, of which the housing industry contributed about a fifth. The housing changes will affect social and political issues as well as the economy. In the old system people had to live close to their work, and it was difficult to change jobs because no other housing was available. Single people had no hope of being allocated an apartment. Now anyone with money can buy a home and choose where they wish to live.

(a) Explain what is meant by the market economy. [4]

(b) Explain the meaning of complements and substitutes, giving an example of each from the passage. [4]

(c) Identify four factors that might influence a worker’s choice of occupation. [4]

(d) How far do you think the change in the provision of housing is likely to affect a worker’s choice of occupation? [3]

(e) Discuss whether the change in the provision of housing is likely to benefit everybody. [5]

Section B
Answer three questions.

2 The most important status symbols for the emerging black middle class in South Africa are clothing and footwear, together with certain perfumes, hair-styles, cell-phones and household appliances. Some of these are expensive products that can be linked to a luxurious life style.

(a) According to economic theory, what determines the demand for a product? [5]

(b) Discuss why different income groups have different spending patterns. [5]

(c) What is meant by price elasticity of demand? [5]

(d) Discuss why the price elasticity of demand for the items...

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