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World War Two – Europe and the Pacific

  • Date Submitted: 05/21/2010 10:53 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 54 
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World War Two – Europe and the Pacific
  1. The League of Nations was an inter-governmental organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919–1920, and the forerunner to the United Nations. At its greatest extent from 28 September 1934 to 23 February 1935, it had 58 members.   Its purpose was to make sure future war was avoided.   Its members were the countries that participated in the war.
  2. The Manchurian Crisis On the morning of September 19, 1931 the two artillery pieces installed at the Mukden officers' club opened up on the Chinese garrison nearby, in response to the alleged Chinese attack on the railway. Zhang Xueliang's small air force was destroyed and his soldiers fled their destroyed Beidaying barracks as five hundred Japanese troops attacked the Chinese garrison of around seven thousand. The Chinese troops, mostly irregulars or new conscripts, were no match for the experienced Japanese troops. By the evening the fighting was over and the Japanese had occupied Mukden at the cost of five hundred Chinese and only two Japanese lives.
  3. The Abyssinian Crisis was a diplomatic crisis during the interwar period originating in the "Walwal incident." This incident resulted from the ongoing conflict between the Kingdom of Italy and the Empire of Ethiopia (then commonly known as "Abyssinia" in Europe). Its effects were to undermine the credibility of the League of Nations and to encourage Fascist Italy to ally itself with Nazi Germany.
  4. The League of Nations had failed because World War II happened meaning the purpose of the League of Nation to avoid any future war had failed.
  5. Appeasement means to settle quarrels through negotiation between the involved countries.
  6. The Anschluss of 1938 was the de facto annexation of Austria into Greater Germany by the Nazi.
  7. Sudetenland is the German name used in English in the first half of the 20th century for the western regions of Czechoslovakia inhabited mostly by ethnic...

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