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Child Labour: Tolerated in Many Poor Countries

  • Date Submitted: 07/07/2010 03:51 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 53.8 
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  • Essay Grade: 2,00 /5 (1 Graders)
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During the Industrial Revolution, children as young as four were employed in production factories with dangerous, and often fatal, working conditions.[5] Based on this understanding of the use of children as labourers, it is now considered by wealthy countries to be a human rights violation, and is outlawed, while some poorer countries may allow or tolerate child labour. Child labour can also be defined as the full-time employment of children who are under a minimum legal age.

The Victorian era became notorious for employing young children in factories and mines and as chimney sweeps.[6] Child labour played an important role in the Industrial Revolution from its outset, often brought about by economic hardship, Charles Dickens for example worked at the age of 12 in a blacking factory, with his family in debtor's prison. The children of the poor were expected to help towards the family budget, often working long hours in dangerous jobs and low wages.[7] In England and Scotland in 1788, two-thirds of the workers in 143 water-powered cotton mills were described as children.[8]


Two girls protesting child labour (by calling it child slavery) in the 1909 New York City Labor Day parade.Agile boys were employed by the chimney sweeps; small children were employed to scramble under machinery to retrieve cotton bobbins; and children were also employed to work in coal mines to crawl through tunnels too narrow and low for adults. Children also worked as errand boys, crossing sweepers, shoe blacks, or selling matches, flowers and other cheap goods.[7] Some children undertook work as apprentices to respectable trades, such as building or as domestic servants (there were over 120,000 domestic servants in London in the mid 18th Century). Working hours were long: builders worked 64 hours a week in summer and 52 in winter, while domestic servants worked 80 hour weeks.

Bertrand Russell wrote that:[9]

The industrial revolution caused unspeakable misery both in England...

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  1. okie!!!!
    •  
    • Feb 25, 2012 - Evaluator: (snesha19)
    • it a news report or essay???????????