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Chandrayaan

  • Date Submitted: 07/16/2010 03:32 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 41 
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Chandrayaan-1
Organization Indian Space Research Organisation
Mission type Orbiter
Satellite of Moon
Orbital insertion date 12 November 2008
Orbits 3400 orbits around the Moon.
Launch date 22 October 2008 ; 00:52 UTC
Launch vehicle PSLV-C11
Launch site SDSC, Sriharikota
Mission duration Intended: 2 yearsAchieved: 312 days
Mass 523 kg (1,153 lb)
Orbital elements
Eccentricity near circular
Inclination Polar
Apoapsis initial 7,500 km (4,660 mi), final 100 km (62 mi), final (wef 19 May 2009) 200 km (124 mi)
Periapsis initial 500 km (311 mi), final 100 km (62 mi), final (wef 19 May 2009) 200 km (124 mi)
Chandrayaan-1 was India's first unmanned lunar probe. It was launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation in October 2008, and operated until August 2009. The mission included a lunar orbiter and an impactor. India launched the spacecraft by a modified version of the PSLV, PSLV C11 on 22 October 2008 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh, about 80 km north of Chennai, at 06:22 IST (00:52 UTC). The mission was a major boost to India's space program,[7] as India researched and developed its own technology in order to explore the Moon.[8] The vehicle was successfully inserted into lunar orbit on 8 November 2008.
Specifications
Mass - 1,380 kg at launch, 675 kg at lunar orbit, and 523 kg after releasing the impactor.
Dimensions - Cuboid in shape of approximately 1.5 m
Communications - X band, 0.7 m diameter dual gimballed parabolic antenna for payload data transmission. The Telemetry, Tracking & Command (TTC) communication operates in S band frequency.
Power - The spacecraft is mainly powered by its solar array, which includes one solar panel covering a total area of 2.15 x 1.8 m generating 750 W of peak power, which is stored in a 36 A·h lithium-ion battery for use during eclipses.
Propulsion - The spacecraft uses a bipropellant integrated propulsion system to reach lunar orbit as well as orbit and...

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