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Displancement Pump

  • Date Submitted: 09/25/2010 01:33 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 46.8 
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Positive Displacement Pumps

Positive Displacement Pumps has an expanding cavity on the suction side and a decreasing cavity on the discharge side. Liquid flows into the pumps as the cavity on the suction side expands and the liquid flows out of the discharge as the cavity collapses. The volume is constant given each cycle of operation.

The positive displacement pumps can be divided in two main classes

reciprocating
rotary
The positive displacement principle applies applies whether the pump is a

rotary lobe pump
progressing cavity pump
rotary gear pump
piston pump
diaphragm pump
screw pump
gear pump
vane pump
regenerative (peripheral) pump
peristaltic
Positive Displacement Pumps, unlike a Centrifugal or Roto-dynamic Pumps, will produce the same flow at a given speed (RPM) no matter the discharge pressure.

?Positive Displacement Pumps are "constant flow machines"
A Positive Displacement Pump must not be operated against a closed valve on the discharge side of the pump because it has no shut-off head like Centrifugal Pumps. A Positive Displacement Pump operating against a closed discharge valve, will continue to produce flow until the pressure in the discharge line are increased until the line bursts or the pump is severely damaged - or both.

A relief or safety valve on the discharge side of the Positive Displacement Pump is therefore absolute necessary. The relief valve can be internal or external. The pump manufacturer has normally the option to supply internal relief or safety valves. The internal valve should in general only be used as a safety precaution, an external relief valve installed in the discharge line with a return line back to the suction line or supply tank is recommended.

Reciprocating Pumps
Typical reciprocating pumps are

plunger pumps
diaphragm pumps
Plunger pumps comprise of a cylinder with a reciprocating plunger in it. In the head of the cylinder the suction and discharge valves are mounted. In the...

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