Words of Wisdom:

"Please, give me an example essay of Toefl Test." - Aimanmirza

Plato

  • Date Submitted: 10/12/2010 03:02 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 41 
  • Words: 471
  • Essay Grade: no grades
  • Report this Essay
How the Deaf Have Super Vision: Cat Study Points to Brain Reorganization
ScienceDaily (Oct. 11, 2010) — Deaf or blind people often report enhanced abilities in their remaining senses, but up until now, no one has explained how and why that could be. Researchers at The University of Western Ontario, led by Stephen Lomber of The Centre for Brain and Mind have discovered there is a causal link between enhanced visual abilities and reorganization of the part of the brain that usually handles auditory input in congenitally deaf cats.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

See Also:
Health & Medicine
Hearing Loss
Disability
Diseases and Conditions
Mind & Brain
Perception
Hearing Impairment
Brain Injury
Reference
Peripheral vision
Sensory system
Hearing impairment
Auditory system
The findings, published online in Nature Neuroscience, provide insight into the plasticity that may occur in the brains of deaf people.

Cats are the only animal besides humans that can be born deaf. Using congenitally deaf cats and hearing cats, Lomber and his team showed that only two specific visual abilities are enhanced in the deaf: visual localization in the peripheral field and visual motion detection. They found the part of the auditory cortex that would normally pick up peripheral sound enhanced peripheral vision, leading the researchers to conclude the function stays the same but switches from auditory to visual.

"The brain is very efficient, and doesn't let unused space go to waste," says Lomber, an associate professor in the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, and Department of Psychology in the Faculty of Social Science. "The brain wants to compensate for the lost sense with enhancements that are beneficial. For example, if you're deaf, you would benefit by seeing a car coming far off in your peripheral vision, because you can't hear that car approaching...

Comments

Express your owns thoughts and ideas on this essay by writing a grade and/or critique.

  1. No comments