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Pakistan and Foreign Media

  • Date Submitted: 10/21/2010 12:40 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 35 
  • Words: 729
  • Essay Grade: 5,00 /5 (1 Graders)
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Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137 (1803) is a landmark case in United States law. It formed the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of theConstitution.
This case resulted from a petition to the Supreme Court by William Marbury, who had been appointed by President John Adams as Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia but whose commission was not subsequently delivered. Marbury petitioned the Supreme Court to force Secretary of State James Madison to deliver the documents, but the court, with John Marshall as Chief Justice, denied Marbury's petition, holding that the part of the statute upon which he based his claim, the Judiciary Act of 1789, was unconstitutional.

Marbury v. Madison was the first time the Supreme Court declared something "unconstitutional", and established the concept of judicial review in the U.S. (the idea that courts may oversee and nullify the actions of another branch of government). The landmark decision helped define the "checks and balances" of the American form of government.

                        JUDICIAL ACTIVISM IN PAKISTAN
1. Introduction
2. What is Judicial Activism?
3. Origin of Judicial Activism
Marbury Vs Medison case
Macquillun VS Maryland Case
4. Judicial Activism in Pakistan
A. Historical Background
eg. Moulvi Tameez ud din case, Dosso case, Nusrart Bhutto Case
B. Current scenario
5. Is it a Judicial Activism or Judicial Adventurism in Pakistan?
6. Causes of Judicial Activism
a. Mal performance of executive
eg. Sugar crisis, Punjab Bank scam, missing person issue
b. Mal performance of legislature
eg. NRO, 17th amendment, ambiguity in laws
c. Corruption/ No accountability 
Violation of Fundamental Rights of people
e. Role of strong civil society
7. Repercussions/impacts of Judicial Activism
a. Protection of Fundamental Rights of people
b. Check on extra-constitutional acts of administration
c. Political adventurism


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