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The Jewish Concept of Justice in the Old Testament

  • Date Submitted: 10/22/2010 01:19 PM
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The Jewish Concept of Justice in the Old Testament
This Essay will deal on how the people of the Old Testament understood justice, the codes they did follow and how they applied their law.

According to John R. Donahue, in the book   “The faith that does Justice”.
Justice has no particular definition as it is central to the Old Testament. Infect the centrality stands on the relationships of human life as that of (JUSTICE AND RIGHTEOUSNESS).” Wherefore making it difficult to give a definite biblical definition which is used in the legal codes to describe ordinances which regulate and control the community life (Ex.21:1-23:10) and which   outlined rules on how to compensate injury done to person and property, even to other religious regulations.   In general terms justice represents or seem in the bible as fidelity to the demands of relationship, as the people of Israel believe in a social life, either as family or in covenant relationships.   In the Old Testament a just person is seen as one upholding peace and wholeness of the community. Doing what the book of (Jb.4:3-4/ 29:12-15; 31:16-19)
The justice of a person is summed up in Psalm 112, and calls blessed the one who fears the Lord.
The people of the Old Testament see Yahweh as the chief of justice and justice himself, for he proclaims justice to all and reveals that justice is in harmony with a right relationship to the covenant lord and with whom they are related to in covenant bound. Throughout the Old Testament Yahweh is revealed clearly as just as such those who respects and follows him will equally follow justice for the covenant York them together in bound. (2 Chr.12:6; Neh. 9:8)
The understanding and practice of justice among the people of the Old Testament is something deep rooted in their society because it serves as culture, law and way of obedience In their religion. Any one disobeying Yahweh or breaking the covenant have equally failed justice, therefore he can’t stand the society nor be seen...


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