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Calvinism vs Arminianism

  • Date Submitted: 03/17/2011 07:05 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 39.8 
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QUESTION: BRIEFLY EXPLAIN THE DOCTRINES OF CALVINISM AND ARMINIANISM, POINTING OUT THE ONE THAT IS IN LINE WITH THE SCRIPTURES.
INTRODUUCTION:
Within the broad scope of the history of Christian theology Arminianism is closely related to Calvinism and the two systems share both history and many doctrines. Nonetheless, they are often viewed as rivals within evangelism because of their disagreement over details of the doctrines of divine predestination and salvation.
CALVINISM:

Calvinism is a theological system and an approach to the Christian life. It is also referred to as Reformed tradition, the Reformed faith, or Reformed theology. The reformed tradition was advanced by several theologians such as Martin Bucer, Heinrich Bullier etc but this branch of Christianity bears the name of the French reformer John Calvin because of his prominent role in the confessional and ecclesiastical debates through out the 16th century. Today this term also refers to the doctrines and practices of the Reformed churches of which Calvin was an early leader.

Calvinism, the creed of John Calvin (1509 -1564) was largely as formulated in his institutes, published in 1536. Calvin was greatly influenced by St. Augustine in inferring predestination from divine foreknowledge, and therefore presumed that the elect, chosen for salvation were known to God from before the creation. Free will was an illusion. Church organization followed from that basic premise, that the chosen of God, the elect should share government with Ministers.

Taken into Scotland from Calvin’s Geneva in 1559 by John Knox, Calvinism became the national creed and was recognized as the established church in 1690. In England it struggled first to influence Anglicans, then to overthrow it. After 1660, it was at first the most powerful of the dissenting sects but lost ground rapidly to the Baptists and in the early 18th century was infiltrated by socinianism and Unitarianism.

THE MEANING OF CALVINISM:
It is a...

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