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Brown V. Board of Education— Before, During, and After

  • Date Submitted: 05/01/2011 08:22 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 56.3 
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Brown v. Board of Education— Before, During, and After
      The Jim Crow Laws were state and local laws in the United States that mandated racial segregation in all public facilities with a supposedly “separate but equal” status for black Americans. The Jim Crow Laws were enacted from 1876 to 1965; the laws gave the black Americans a number of economic, educational and social disadvantages. Some examples of the Jim Crow laws are the segregation of public schools, public places and public transportation; the segregation of restrooms, restaurants and drinking fountains for whites and blacks. The U.S. military was also segregated.
      The Jim Crow Laws had established segregation of public schools, which separated the schools between black and white students; the laws denied black children equal opportunities unconstitutional. An example of this was when Oliver Brown’s daughter, Linda Brown, was forced to walk 6 blocks to her school bus stop, which was a 30-minute drive to her school, Monroe Elementary School. There was a white school, Sumner Elementary School, near Linda’s house, which was 7 blocks away from her house. In the end, Oliver Brown had rather wanted to send his daughter to a white school only seven blocks away from her house, compared to her segregated black school, which was 1 mile away.
      Before the federal law case, many other people decided to speak their mind about equal educational opportunities in the public schools. In the end, the U.S. Supreme Court had normally ruled in favor of the board of education, and most of the ideas about equal opportunities in the public schools had been denied. The case had begun in Topeka, Kansas.
      The law case had then filed against the board of education. The one defending Oliver Brown was Thurgood Marshall, who was at the time the chief counsel of the NAACP. Also, he would later be appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1967. The actual Brown v. Board of Education case has composed of 5 individual...


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