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"With great power comes great responsibility." - SoPhIsTiCaTeD_fOrD

The Mughals

  • Date Submitted: 05/10/2011 09:51 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 57.3 
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History project
The Mughal Empire was an imperial power in South Asia that ruled a large portion of the Indian subcontinent. It began in 1526, invaded and ruled most of India by the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and ended in the mid-19th century. The Mughal emperors were descendants of the Taimurs, a dynasty of Turco-Mongol ancestry, and at the height of their power around 1700, they controlled most of the Indian Subcontinent—extending from Bengal in the east to Balochistan in the west, Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south. Its population at that time has been estimated at between 110 and 150 million, over a territory of more than 3.2 million square kilometers (1.2 million square miles).
Zahir ud-din Muhammad Babur, more commonly known as Babur, was descendant of taimur through his father, and Chengiz Khan through his mother. Babur, thus, carried in his veins the blood of two warrior tribes of Central Asia. He was a military adventurer from Central Asia who rose to power at Kabul after establishing his first kingdom in 1504.
In 1495, at only eleven years of age, Babur obtained his first power position, succeeding his father as ruler of Farghana (Uzbekistan). He also conquered Samarkand however, after a few years he lost both Samarkand and Farghana. By 1501, he was ready again to regain control of Samarkand, but was shortly thereafter defeated by his most formidable enemy, Muhammad Shaybani, khan of the Uzbeks. Samarkand, his lifelong obsession, was lost again. Escaping with a small band of followers from Farghana, for three years Babur concentrated on building up a strong army, recruiting widely amongst the Tajiks of Badakhshan in particular. In 1504, he was able to cross the snowy Hindu Kush mountains and capture Kabul from the Arghunids, who were forced to retreat to Kandahar. With this move, he gained a wealthy new kingdom and re-established his fortunes and assumed the title of Padshah. From there he built an army and...


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