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The Way to Rainy Mountain

  • Date Submitted: 09/26/2011 08:05 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 24 
  • Words: 577
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Esther Oh
My Young
UShistory/per 2
19 September 2011

Chapter 11 outline : Reconstruction
  civil rights: rights of citizenship
  segregation: the forced separation of races in public places
  amnesty: general pardon
  literacy test: states required potential voters to pass . Really difficult even   well educated hardly passed
  grandfather clause: clause exempted citizens whose ancestors had voted before january 1 1867. applied only to white since no blacks could vote in that time frame
  tenant farming: farmers would pay a share of their crop as rent instead of cash
  sharecropping: looked promising to both black and white landless farmer for being able to buy land in the future but instead brought debt
  debt peonage: what sharecropping life led to.   System that debtors were forced to work for the person they owed money to until they paid off their debt
  Black Codes: laws enacted in 1855 and 1856 in the former Confederate states to restrict freedom and the opportunites for African Americans
  Enforcement Acts: The Enforcement Acts in the United States from 1870 to 1871 were meant to protect rights of southern blacks following ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution as part of Reconstruction.
  Fifteeth Amendment: a constitutional change ratified in 1870 granting black males the right to vote
  Fourteenth Amendment: a constitutional change ratified in 1868 granting citizenship to all former slaves by declaring that anyone born in the US is a citizen; it also extended to blacks the rights of due process of law and equal protection under the law
  Freedmen's Bureau: a federal agency established in 1865, at the end of the Civil War, to help and protect the 4 million newly freed black Americans as they transitioned out of enslavement
  Jim Crow Laws: any of the laws legalizing racial segregation of blacks and whites that were enacted in Southern states beginning in the 1880s and...


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