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V-Rooms Expectancy Theory

  • Date Submitted: 10/02/2011 01:20 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 64.9 
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V-room’s Expectancy Theory
The V-room’s theory relates to Alex in the project 3 case. V-room’s theory is made up of three beliefs; valence, expectancy and instrumentality.
Valence refers to the emotional orientation that people have towards outcomes and rewards. Alex’s outcomes are extrinsic. Alex is working full-time in order to pay his tuition and to pay his other bills.   In the case Alex discusses his desire to find another job.   If Alex was to quite he would risk the potential of not being able to pay his tuition due to a lack of employment. Due to his own outcomes he must stay at a job that he is dissatisfied with.
Expectancy refers to expectations and the employee’s level of confidence. Alex has become bored. Alex continues to do the same stocking job from day to day. He is responsible for stocking the produce. His job is redundant. He is responsible for unloading the truck, stocking shelves, re-stocking, and organizing the produce. Alex feels his job is meaningless and most of all not challenging. Alex does not set very high standards for himself each day due to his dissatisfaction at the market.
Instrumentality deals with whether or not employees are able to actually get what they really want. Alex doesn’t feel comfortable with going to Dan about changing his job and discussing a raise.   Alex feels that if he goes to Dan he will not get what he wants.

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