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One Hump or Two?

  • Date Submitted: 10/06/2011 06:22 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 77.5 
  • Words: 433
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Do know what the hump of a camel is used for? If you answered to store water, guess again.This rumor about camels storing water in their humps has been around for a long time, but it’s actually not true. A camel’s hump is a storage place for fatty tissue.
Most animals, including humans, store fat throughout their bodies, beneath their skin. But camels store their fat in one place, their hump.
A hump can weigh as much as 80 pounds. Why do camels store their fat this way? The answer is most likely because of their environment. Camels can go up to two weeks without eating because they have this fatty tissue to live off of. Since camels live in the desert where food is scarce, they need this storage of fat to survive.
Camels have amazing survival skills built into their bodies. Their humps contribute to the
camel staying cooler because all the body fat is concentrated to one area instead of being
spread throughout the body. Also camels are great at handling changes in body
temperature. They need to reach temperatures over 106 degrees Fahrenheit before they
begin to sweat. And when they do sweat, it evaporates while on the camel’s skin, instead of on its coat. This cools the camel much faster. Their coats also help them adapt to the heat. While the coat is thick, it reflects the sunlight and protects the camel from the heat that rises off the desert sand.

An adult camel measures just over six feet tall at its shoulder and over seven feet tall at
its hump or humps. There are two kinds of camels, those with one hump and those with two humps. Camels with one hump are called Dromedary or Arabian camels. They live in the dry deserts in West Asia. Camels with two humps are called Bactrian camels. They live in Central and East Asia.
Besides their humps, camels have a lot of interesting features. They can live between 40-
50 years. They can carry about 400 pounds and run up to 40 miles per hour. It’s true that
camels can go long periods of time without drinking...

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