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What Is the Role of Civil Society During Political Agitations

  • Date Submitted: 10/18/2011 07:18 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 43.7 
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I. Introduction
The existence of civil society in Ethiopia is not a new phenomenon. Civil society in the form of
self-help system has long existed in the country. However, there is little written information on
these systems. The emergence of modern, formal and legal Civil Society Organisations (CSOs)
such as trade unions, professional associations and Non-Government Organisation (NGOs), is a
recent phenomenon.
NGOs as part of CSOs, started to evolve as a result of the 1973 and 1984 Ethiopian famine where
they involved in relief operations. However, later with increased financial and material support from
foreign donors and with an improvement in the situation of the country, NGOs moved progressively
into long-term programs focusing on addressing basic needs (provi sion of basic social services).
Such programs had the aim of helping the poor to build their capacity to meet their own needs
and resources they control. Here, poverty is understood as the lack of basic needs or income.
Most NGOs in Ethiopia are still involved in such development efforts. However, such
understanding of poverty and development were not able to address problems of powerlessness,
social injustice, human rights and marginalisation.
According to the new paradigm shift, democracy is a necessary condition for developmentZQ

Contributions by Vineel Krishna, IAS Mutyalaraju Revu, IAS Vijay Kumar Mantri, IAS B. Sandeep Kumar, IFS Arvindhakshan, IRS Bala Kiran, IPS G. Kranti Kumar,IPS A. Vijaya Laxmi, IPS K. Veeraraghava Rao, IAS Ramesh Reddy, IPS Ramanjaneyulu, IRS Raja Kumari, IPS Compiled, Edited & Cover Page Design by Vijay Kumar Mantri


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