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Mies Van Der Rohe and Frank Lloyd Wright

  • Date Submitted: 12/11/2011 01:02 AM
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<Final Term Essay>
2006170370 허재

The Aftermath of Mies Immigration to America
                                                          - Frank Lloyd Wright &   Mies Van Der Rohe

Introduction

  Frank Lloyd Wright(1867-1959) and Mies Van Der Rohe(1886-1959), along with Le Corbusier, Water Gropius and Alvar Aalto, is regarded as very great pioneering masters of the modern architecture. They gave an enormous impact on the architecture of early 20th century with their own critical view. Although Wright is approximately 20 years older than Mies, they had a very close relationship for a certain time and they had been influenced by each other. What I want to focus on in this essay is Mies’s emigration to the United States and his achievement in America. Also, I am going to compare his works in United States with Wright’s works at that time, and finally analyze the theories and the ideas on their works. Before we look through their careers and works, let me discuss their educational background first.
 
The early lifetime of two modern architect
 
  At first, Frank Lloyd Wright was born in the farming town of Richland Center, Wisconsin, United States, in 1867. His father was a preacher and his mother held the deep belief that Wright would be a great architect. Wright attended a Madison high school but there is no evidence he ever graduated. He began to study engineering in 1885 at the University of Wisconsin, but he left the school without taking a degree. Instead he moved to Chicago where he worked in the office of Joseph Lyman Silsbee, a designer of suburban houses. He later recalled that his first impressions of Chicago were that of grimy neighborhoods, crowded streets and disappointing architecture, yet he was determined to find work. While Frank worked for Silsbee, he learned that many things about the basic of domestic design and immersed himself in a suburban architecture. In 1888, Wright moved to work for Louis Sullivan, who tried to...

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