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Ayub Khan Era

  • Date Submitted: 01/05/2012 07:00 AM
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Muhammad Ayub Khan :-(May 14, 1907 – April 19, 1974)
was a 5-star General and self-appointed Field Marshal in the Pakistan Army and the first military dictator, and Chief Martial Law Administrator of Pakistan. He served as the second President of Pakistan from 1958 to 1969.
He became the Pakistan Army's first native Commander in Chief in 1951,and was the youngest full general of Pakistan
. Close to President Iskander Mirza, Khan supported the President's decision to declare martial law in 1958 but very shortly he overthrew Mirza and declared himself President. . Under his Administration Pakistan became an Asian Tiger and one of the fastest growing economies in Asia but he faced criticism about suppression of Democracy and increasing economic inequality.

President of Pakistan (1958–1969)
As a result of his having control of the Pakistan Army, Ayub deposed Mirza on October 27 in a bloodless coup, sending Generals Wajid Burki, Azam, and Sheikh in the middle of the night to pack Mirza off to exile in England. This was actually welcomed in Pakistan, since the nation had experienced a very unstable political climate since independence.
In 1960, he held an indirect referendum of his term in power. Functioning as a kind of electoral college, close to 80,000 recently elected village councilmen were allowed to vote yes or no to the question.
Ayub moved to have a constitution created, and this was completed in 1961. A fairly secular person by nature, Ayub Khan's constitution reflected his personal views of politicians and the use of religion in politics.
In 1962, he pushed through a new constitution that while it did give due respect to Islam, it did not declare Islam the state religion of the country.

Legal reforms

Ayub Khan introduced the Muslim Family Laws through an Ordinance on March 2, 1961 under which unmitigated polygamy was abolished, consent of the current wife was made mandatory for a second marriage, brakes were also placed on the practice of...


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