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Curbing Corruption

  • Date Submitted: 01/11/2012 08:53 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 29.3 
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Essay on Impact of Globalization and Challenges for Indian Federalism
Globalization as a process is as old as the civilization itself but gained lot of prominence only during the last two decades. It has major impact on the administrative systems of all the countries in the world especially the developing nations. India also became a part of the process when we opened up our economy to the rest of the world in 1991 after the domestic financial crisis due to America's war with Iraq.
Independent India's federal project was as much a product of its colonial legacy as of its response to the exigencies of national building. The founding fathers expected their institutional framework to address simultaneously the complex diversity of the country and the building of a new nation. Tendencies towards pluralism and decentralisation have co-existed with centralising features leading some to qualify Indian federalism as quasi-federalism.
With the formation of the Planning Commission and the Indian State's adherence to a socialistic planning economic development, the Central Government came to exercise tremendous powers. However, the Indian Constitution also laid the basis for accommodating diversity and cultural pluralism. The Constitution enshrined minority rights and provided autonomy to each religion's community in its private sphere.
Over the past five decades, Indian federalism has had to face the challenge of balancing territorial with non-territorial requirements of the Indian nation. Centralisation has had to contend and coexist with progressively crystallising regional and cultural pluralisms. Several factors have contributed to this sharpening of diverse identities.
These include; the linguistic reorganisation of the states; the granting of constitutional rights to minorities with regard to cultural and educational privileges, the exclusive jurisdiction of regional governments in the two crucial domains of education and agriculture; the extension of affirmative...

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