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Explain Why Aristotle Is Known as the Commonsense Philosopher

  • Date Submitted: 01/29/2012 08:15 PM
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Question # 4: Explain why Aristotle is known as the commonsense philosopher.

Aristotle, a Greek Philosopher, student of Plato, and teacher of Alexander the Great,   was born in 384BC and lived to be some 60 years old at his time of death.   During his time on earth, many of his writings covered such topics of   physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology.   Aristotle is by far known as one of the most important figures in western philosophy.   His works is one of the earliest known forms of the study of logic.   Since he had a conception of speed and temperature but, relatively no quantitative understanding of mass, velocity, force and temperature, his basis is largely remains qualitative.   With the lack of complete understanding of the four items listed above, I believe that his beliefs were more so that of commonsense.
Commonsense by virtue is   “sound and prudent judgment based on a simple perception of the situation or facts”. Aristotle believed that common sense is an actual power of inner sensation.   External senses such as color for sight, hearing for sound etc., are united and joined in ways that allow one to sense the substance in which various attributed inhere. An example of Aristotle’s senses and beliefs, are that the earth is stationary that lies in the center of the universe and that the stars are a “fixed’ object that move in an orbit around the earth.  
Aristotle had 8 premises of why the earth does not move. 1) Local motion, the way natural objects move, is motion that is either circular, in a straight line, or a combination of the two. 2) The Earth is a natural object. 3) If the Earth moves, it moves in one of the ways described in premise one. 4) The fixed stars are special objects. 5) The fixed stars are observed to move across the sky but are also observed to have unchanging positions relative to one another. 6) In our ordinary experience, when we as persons...

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