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"make what is not what it one day dreams of being" - Kevin

Liberalism

  • Date Submitted: 02/14/2012 11:06 AM
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Study Guide for Essays

Read week one and week two outlines

http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/ww1/summary.html

9.In what ways did indigenous peoples respond to European incursions and with what results?  Use specific examples from at least two different regions to  illustrate your points.

IndoChina

·         By 1890’s, French establish oppressive colonial system
·         In order to fight against colonial system peasants come together and raise up
·         Marxist Ho Chi Minh sees their power and with them leads the fight against French colonizers.
·         Violent insurrection, guerilla warfare
·         Modeled along Confucius views.
·         Ho Chi Minh promises presents:
o   Education
o   Higher wages
o   Land reform
·         1941 – Japan invades Vietnam, Vietnamese communists effectively attack invaders, Japans withdraws – Vietnam seen as heroes.
·         August 19, 1945 -  August Revolution
o   Revolutionaries successfully seize power of what will later be made the capitol of independent Vietnam (Hanoi)
·         September 2 1945 – Ho Chi Minh proclaims the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
·         1946 – Bombardment of Haiphong – massacres committed by French forces in Hanoi.
·         December 9th – 1946: Ho Chi Minh declares war against the French Union – leads to Indochina war
·         In 1954, after defeating the French Union, France was forced to give up its empire in Indochina.

South Africa
·         1910 – Union of South Africa (Dutch colonists)
·         Racist Dutch allowed to make policies that favored white supremacy
o   Black Africans denied all rights
o   Forbade workers to strike + be in the military
·         1913 – Native Land Act: 8% of South African land set aside for African use, rest of land left for Africanors which accounted for 20% of the population
o   Strict eviction policy
·         This oppression led to a rise in colonist aggression ; workers coming together
·         1912 –...

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