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“Describe and Evaluate Carl Jung's Theory Concerning Personality Types and Show How They Might Usefully Help a Therapist to Determine Therapeutic Goals”.

  • Date Submitted: 04/07/2012 02:46 PM
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“Describe and evaluate Carl Jung's theory concerning personality types and show how they
                    might usefully help a therapist to determine therapeutic goals”.


Carl Gustav Jung was born in Switzerland (26th   July 1975-6th June 1961). His father was a
Pastor, and he had an isolated childhood, becoming very introverted, it seems he had a schizoid personality.
He was a psychologist and psychiatrist and was the founder of analytical psychology. Although
Freud was involved with analytical psychology, he worked with patients with hysterical neuroses,
whereas Jung worked with psychotic patients in hospital. He was struck by the universal symbols
(or Archetypes) in their delusions and hallucinations (ref. Dennis Brown and Jonathan Redder
(1989) p.107).

In this essay I will endeavour to describe/evaluate Jung's theories in respect to personality types
and to try and show how they might be useful to help a therapist determine therapeutic goals.
I have used   H. J. Eynsenck’s   personality theories as a comparison and will evaluate the same.

For hundreds of years there has been some kind of 'typology' to try and categorise individuals
attitudes and behaviour. Astrology is an old 'typology'.   Oriental astrologers believe that there is personality trait that is relevant to each sign.

The ancient Greeks believed in the 'four temperaments' / 'four humours'. Over 2,400 years ago it was believed that in order to maintain health, people needed an even balance of four body fluids, blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile, without this balance, it was believed, you would be prone to illness/different behaviour. (ref Malty, Day & Catskills. 2007. p.159).

Jung believed that everyone has a unique personality (or 'psyche’s he called it) and that it consisted of interacting systems. His personality type theories he based on the psychic energy of an individual and how, through habit, or in a preferred way, the persons orientate...


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