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Organizational Behavior and Leadership

  • Date Submitted: 04/08/2012 11:27 AM
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Organizational Behavior Project Topic
Leadership and Organizational Behavior
James D. Eddy
Grantham University

Abstract
Organizational Behavior (OB) is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations. It does this by taking a system approach. That is, it interprets people-organization relationships in terms of the whole person, whole group, whole organization, and whole social system. Its purpose is to build better relationships by achieving human objectives, organizational objectives, and social objectives.   The organization's base rests on management's philosophy, values, vision and goals. This in turn drives the organizational culture which is composed of the formal organization, informal organization, and the social environment. The culture determines the type of leadership, communication, and group dynamics within the organization. The workers perceive this as the quality of work life which directs their degree of motivation.   The final outcome is performance, individual satisfaction, and personal growth and development. All these elements combine to build the model or framework that the organization operates from.   This paper will focus on the leadership aspect of organizational behavior and how it affects the organization and individuals in it.   As a career military officer I have found that there are positive and negative leadership styles.  

Leadership and Organizational Behavior
    The research paper will provide details on the different leadership types and the benefits and faults of each.   The leadership topic of organizational behavior is referenced throughout the text for the course and plays a very important role in an organization.
    There are four major models or frameworks that organizations operate out of, Autocratic, Custodial, Supportive, and Collegial (Cunningham, Eberle, 1990; Davis ,1967):
  * Autocratic — The basis of this model is power with a managerial orientation...

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