Words of Wisdom:

"Mishaps are like knives that either serve us or cut us, as we grasp them by the blade or the handle- Herman Melville (Moby Dick author)" - Teacher

Assessment, Diagnosis, and Remediation of Reading Disabilities,

  • Date Submitted: 04/09/2012 12:01 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 53.5 
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Part 1
A specific strategy for teaching high-frequency words is through repetition. I believe that through repetitive exposure, students are more apt to learn new words. Students should be exposed to high-frequency words in various forms.   Opportunities should be given for students to read and write the words many times. Repetitive reading of books and texts helps students to memorize words. When I introduce new words to my students, I begin by using activities that include phonics to help decode words. Acknowledging word-patterns and corresponding activities will incorporate accurate recognition.   Once students meet accuracy, then continue to stress rapid recognition (Gunning 2010).
    In Lesson 5.6, pages 235-236, Gunning describes 6 steps to teaching High-Frequency Words. Step 1-Develop Understanding of the Words-This step may or not be necessary depending on the leaner. Step 2-Present Printed Words in Isolation-Each word is presented alone on an index card to allow for repetitive activities and each student should be given their own set to rehearse. Step 3-Present Printed Words in Context-Allow for the words to stand out when they are found in text, we highlight high-frequency words when we find them to allow them to stand out. This also allows students to independently find these words in the text when previewing the story, or text. Step 4-Practice-This is where the repetition comes in to play, students should be exposed in various ways. Step 5-Application-Students take the words they have been exposed to and apply them using a variety of topics to create stories or read simple stories. Step-6-Assessment and Review-Teacher observation to assess student understanding, this can be through formal and informal testing (Gunning 2010).

Part 2
Some steps I would take in order to ensure the success of English language learners and struggling readers would be to activate prior knowledge and build background. A students’ prior experience provides foundation...


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