Words of Wisdom:

"The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams" - Londoomyceryc

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3/15/2012

Special Lecture on Advanced English
ENG 301
Week 1 & 2 – Units 1~4 March 8 ~ 15, 2012
Jong Un Park (jupark@dongguk.ac.kr)

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Unit 1. Pronouns: Subject, Object, Reflexive
• Basics of pronouns
▫ We use pronouns to substitute for nouns that are already introduced in the context. (1) a. The boy loves the girl. b. He loves her. c. They love each other.

• F Forms of pronouns i t f in terms of th i grammatical f f their ti l function ti
1. Subject pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we you, they 2. Object pronouns: me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them 3. Reflexive pronouns: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

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3/15/2012

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Unit 1. Pronouns: Subject, Object, Reflexive (cont’d)
• Subject pronouns
▫ We normally use subject pronouns (I, you, he, she, etc.) with verbs to show who or what the subject of the verb is:
(2) a. He wrote an email. b. Did she reply? c. No, c No she didn’t didn t.

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Unit 1. Pronouns: Subject, Object, Reflexive (cont’d)
• Object pronouns: We can use object nouns in the following cases.
▫ After a verb to show who or what the object of the verb is: (3) He sent her an email. (Object = the girl) ▫ After a preposition: (4) She’s angry with him. ▫ After be: (5) A. Hello, who’s speaking? (6) A. Who broke the window? ▫ In short answers: (7) A. Who sent the email? (8) A. I’m sorry. (Object = the boy) B. It’s me. B. It was them/It wasn’t us. B. Me. B. Me, too.

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3/15/2012

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Unit 1. Pronouns: Subject, Object, Reflexive (cont’d)
• Reflexive pronouns:
▫ We use reflexive pronouns to show that both the subject and the object of the verb are the same thing or person. (9) He1 asked himself1 what he’d done wrong. (10)He1 looked at himself1 in the mirror. (= He looked at his reflection in the mirror.) ▫ Technically, the reflexive pronouns must appear in the same clause as their antecedents. (11) a. John told Mary that Tom1 hates himself1. (O) b. John1 told Mary that Tom...

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