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  • Date Submitted: 07/03/2012 10:26 PM
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Criminal Justice System Of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka, known as Ceylon until 1972, is a tropical island nation in the Indian Ocean lying off the southeast coast of peninsular India. It has the total land area of 65 607 square kilometres, and the total population of 16.1 million (as of 1986). The annual population growth rate is estimated at 1.7%.
The two principal linguistic (racial) groups in Sri Lanka are the Sinhalese (74%) and the Tamils (18.2%). Also, approximately 7.1% of the population are of the Arabic origin, who are mentioned as the Sri Lankan Moors. As for the religious groups, approximately 69.3% of the people are Buddhists, most of whom are the Sinhalese, and 15.5% are Hindus, who are mostly the Tamils. Besides, 7.6% are Muslims and 6.8% are Christians of various denominations.
As for the structure of the government, Sri Lanka became independent in 1948, and is now an independent republic within the commonwealth nations. The national law making body is the Parliament, formerly called the National State Assembly or the House of Representatives, which is, as of 1986, composed of 168 seats. The members of the Parliament are elected by the Sri Lankan citizens aged 18 years or older. The head of the Republic is represented by the President, who is directly elected by the citizens aged 18 years or older. The term of the President is also for 6 years.
The cabinet is led by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the President from among the Parliament members. As of 1986, the cabinet is composed of 49 ministerial posts, excluding the Prime Minister.
The entire nation is divided into 25 administrative regions as of 1986. Each region is governed by the Government Agent, who is appointed by the central government.
The economy of the country is still precariously dependent on the exports of its plantation products such as tea, rubber and coconuts. GNP per capita was US$354 as of 1986. The unit of the national currency is Rupee (Re or Rs).
BASIS OF CRIMINAL...

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