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Food Security Bill - 1

  • Date Submitted: 08/02/2012 07:57 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 31.2 
  • Words: 791
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Food security refers to a household's physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that fulfills the dietary needs and food preferences of that household for living an active and healthy life.[1]
The World Health Organization defines food security as having three facets: food availability, food access, and food use. Food availability is having available sufficient quantities of food on a consistent basis. Food access is having sufficient resources, both economic and physical, to obtain appropriate foods for a nutritious diet. Food use is the appropriate use based on knowledge of basic nutrition and care, as well as adequate water and sanitation. The FAOadds a fourth facet: the stability of the first three dimensions of food security over time.[1]
According to the World Resources Institute, global per capita food production has been increasing substantially for the past several decades.[2] In 2006, MSNBC reported that globally, the number of people who are overweight has surpassed the number who are undernourished – the world had more than one billion people who were overweight, and an estimated 800 million who were undernourished.[3] According to a 2004 article from the BBC, China, the world's most populous country, is suffering from an obesity epidemic.[4] In India, the second-most populous country in the world, 30 million people have been added to the ranks of the hungry since the mid-1990s and 46% of children are underweight.[5]
Worldwide around 925 million people are chronically hungry due to extreme poverty, while up to 2 billion people lack food security intermittently due to varying degrees of poverty (source:FAO, 2010). Six million children die of hunger every year – 17,000 every day.[6] As of late 2007, export restrictions and panic buying, US Dollar Depreciation,[7] increased farming for use in biofuels,[8] world oil prices at more than $100 a barrel,[9] global population growth,[10]climate change,[11] loss of agricultural land...


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