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Diversity

  • Date Submitted: 08/10/2012 09:41 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 45.1 
  • Words: 666
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There are various factors responsible for the degradation of biodiversity, the primary among

them being destruction of habitat and habitat fragmentation leading to species movement to

other habitat where they find it difficult to adapt. But it is also being affected by rapid

population growth, animal hunting, urbanization, deforestation, industrialization and climatic

change. Major reasons of degradation of biodiversity are:
Environmental degradation.
Excessive use of biodiversity.
Attempts to develop new species of plants and animals.
Different types of pollution.
Change in functions of environment like climate.
Population growth.
Urbanization and industrialization.
According to the Global Biodiversity Strategy (WRI/IUCN/UNEP 1992) there are six

fundamental causes of biodiversity degradation:
1. Unsustainable high rates of human population growth and natural resource consumption.
2. Steadily narrowing spectrum of traded products from agriculture and forestry and

introduction of exotic species associated with agriculture, forestry and fisheries.
3. Economic systems and policies that fail to value the environment and its resources.
4. Inequity in ownership and access to natural resources, including the benefits from use and

conservation of biodiversity.
5. Inadequate knowledge and inefficient use of information.
6. Legal and institutional systems that promote unsustainable exploitation






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There are different lists made maintane a count, help endangered species, and enforce the laws

enacted to protect them. There is the Endangered Species List, handled by two govermental

groups. One is the Fish and Wildlife Services, and the other is the National Marine Fisheries

Service. The original Endangered Species Preservation Act was in 1966 in the US. It has been

updated and molded into what it is today.

There is the IUCN's Red...

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