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Britain in India

  • Date Submitted: 09/13/2012 04:33 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 51.2 
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Britain in India: The Good and the Bad
It can be said that the British rule of India not only benefitted the British, but also benefitted Indians as well. There are many reasons to how both sides benefitted quite a lot. Once Britain gained control the law was improved, infrastructure excelled and India became politically stable. However, Britain did use India's raw materials up to its own advantage and was a barrier in India's development.
All Indians paid a Land Tax. Under the Mughals and other native regimes; this was often increased arbitrarily when the ruler needed extra money for some purpose. This often caused want and even famine for millions of ordinary Indians. Although the British continued to collect the Land Tax, they left it at the same rate, providing economic stability.

The British brought a number of infrastructure improvements. They built roads, railways, schools, hospitals, even cities in India. There were job opportunities leading to self-betterment. Ordinary Indians could better themselves by joining the army, working in the administration, or get jobs as servants to British families and administrators. Rich Indians sometimes sent their sons to Britain for their education. Gandhi qualified as lawyer through studying in England. All these led to increased social status and provided a living for those occupied in them. Quite a respected historian Lawrence James wrote in his book "Rise and fall of the British Empire" that "British built railways, bridges and canals improved communications in many territories." This quote claims that a big role the British played in India was that they improved communications.
The British introduced a new law that was actually fair. The Mughals, Marathas, and so on were despots, they did as they pleased and ruled arbitrarily, law and justice being haphazard and often administered by whim. The British introduced laws that were the same for everyone, and, on the whole, upheld and enforced them.
India became...


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