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Mgnrega............All Set or Not.........

  • Date Submitted: 10/20/2012 10:19 AM
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The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is an Indian job guarantee scheme, enacted by legislation on August 25, 2005. The scheme provides a legal guarantee for one hundred days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do public work-related unskilled manual work at the statutory minimum wage of   120 (US$2.27) per day in 2009 prices.[1] The Central government outlay for scheme is   40,000 crore (US$7.56 billion) in FY 2010–11.[2]
This act was introduced with an aim of improving the purchasing power of the rural people, primarily semi or un-skilled work to people living in rural India, whether or not they are below the poverty line. Around one-third of the stipulated work force is women. The law was initially called the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) but was renamed on 2 October 2009.[3]
In 2011, the programme was widely criticised as no more effective than other poverty reduction programs in India. Despite its best intentions, MGNREGA is beset with controversy about corrupt officials, deficit financing as the source of funds, poor quality of infrastructure built under this program, and unintended destructive effect on poverty.[4][5]
Political background

This act was brought about by the UPA coalition government supported by the left parties.
Dr. Jean Drèze, a Belgian born economist, at the Delhi School of Economics, has been a major influence on this project.[6] A variety of people's movements and organisations actively campaigned for this act.[7]

Provisions under NREGA
 Adult members of a rural household, willing to do unskilled manual work, are required to make registration in writing or orally to the local Gram Panchayat
 The Gram Panchayat after due verification will issue a Job Card. The Job Card will bear the photograph of all adult members of the household willing to work under NREGA and is free of cost.
 The Job Card should be issued within 15...


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