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House of Commons Effectivenss

  • Date Submitted: 12/16/2012 03:43 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 49.4 
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To what extent is the House of Commons effective at carrying out its various functions?

The House of Commons is the name of the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom. In the UK, the Commons holds much more legislative power than the upper house of parliament, the House of Lords. The House of Commons has many main functions, with a few of the main ones being: its legislative role, its scrutiny, and the redress of grievances.   Members of the House of Commons must be 18 years of age or older. Peers of England, Scotland, or the United Kingdom may not be elected to the House of Commons, though Irish peers may be. Certain clergy, judicial officers, members of the armed forces, police officers, and civil servants are also ineligible for election. Women became eligible under an act of 1918. Members were paid beginning in 1911.
The House of Commons is the effective legislative authority in Great Britain. It alone has the right to impose taxes and to vote money to, or withhold it from, the various public departments and services. The House of Lords has only infrequently held up major legislation passed by the Commons, and the British sovereign almost automatically provides the Royal Assent to any bill passed. Indeed, the last bill to be rejected by a monarch was the Scottish Militia Bill of 1707, which was vetoed by Queen Anne. Acts of Parliament are not subject to judicial review. The passage of legislation is the House of Commons’ primary function. Almost all legislation proceeds from the majority party in the Commons, which forms the government and the cabinet; the latter is composed of senior ministers chosen by, and belonging to the party of, the prime minister, nearly all of whom serve in the House of Commons. The government’s main work in the Commons is to implement the legislative program on which it fought and won the last general election.
At the beginning of each new session of Parliament, the House elects from its members...


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