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Ancient Egypt

  • Date Submitted: 01/12/2013 11:30 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 70.5 
  • Words: 895
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STUDY GUIDE: ANCIENT EGYPT
People to know
  1) Tutankhamen
  2) Isis: Wife of Osiris and mother goddess of Egypt. She moved heaven and earth to help her husband. She found the pieces of Osiris and brought her husband back to life. Isis represented love, caring, and protection.
  3) Anubis: God of the embalmers (animal= jackal)
  4) Hatshepsut-First female pharaoh who ruled Egypt peacefully. She dressed as a king, she even wore a false beard that was a symbol of the pharaoh’s power.   She took over because her husband died and son was too young to rule. She carried out of all the rituals expected of a king to gain the people’s respect.   She built Egypt’s wealth and power through trade. Promoted trade with other countries and her biggest trade expedition was to African kingdom of Punt. She left a stunning monument to her reign- a great temple at Dayr al-Bahri (sphinx with body of lion and head of a man)
  5) Amon-Re: Sun God, one of the most important gods.   Egyptians believed that Amon-Re made a daily journey across the sky. He rises in the morning and dies at night.  
  6) King Piye: (King Piankhi) Ruler of Nubia who expanded one Egyptian city after another. Finally, Piye declared himself pharaoh of a united Egypt and Nubia.
  7) Osiris: God of the underworld, or the world of the dead. Was killed and chopped into pieces of a rival god named Seth. His wife was Isis and she brought Osiris back to life.
  8) Thutmose III: one of Egyptian’s pharaohs in Nubia. Conquered Nubians had to pay tribute to the pharaohs. For example, the Nubian’s tribute to Thutmose III included hundreds of gold, cattle, slaves, ivory, and ostrich feathers from Nubia.
  9) Ramses II- a pharaoh after 200 years after Hatshepsut. He gained Egypt’s wealth and power through war (not trade). He spent first half of his time as pharaoh fighting in Canaan and Syria. 1275 BC led his army against Hittites and lost many soldiers there on battle so he later made peace with Hittites...

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