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Support Children’s Learning and Development in

  • Date Submitted: 01/03/2014 03:49 AM
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Unit 4227-136 Support children’s learning and development in  
the early years.
Assessment criteria:-

1.2 Evaluate the relationship between theoretical perspectives
      and early years curriculum models.


Pavlov, Watson and Skinner believes learning can be affected by rewards and punishments.
Behaviour can be changed or shaped by providing positive reinforcements and while punishments may reduce undesirable behaviours, they do not replace these with desirable behaviours. This theory is a strong foundation in the after school setting working very well with children 4 to 6 years, children of this age thrive with reward and positive praise, it develops a sense of pride and self worth, through displaying work, encouragement in play and activities it gives the child confidence to build and experiment further, hence developing their learning skills.
Punishments need to be implemented in the after school setting, this takes the form of various forms, we find the thinking chair is most affective as it allows the child to reflect on their behaviour and to analyse what may happen should they repeat their actions, as this does not always stop the behaviour it develops the Childs awareness of wrong doing. This all relates to positive reinforcement.

Piaget stated that children are actively involved in their own learning.
We develop this by providing the resources for the children to discover various actions; creativity, problem solving, early maths skills, social and emotional skills such as team work. We use this theory as strong base for our planning.
Through researching Piagets 4 stages of cognitive development it became apparent that’s stage 2 and stage 3 play a large part in the after school setting. The younger children in the after school setting would be mid way through the preoperational stage, during this time the child’s memory and imagination develop, they engage in make believe so this is why it is important to provide activities to let the...

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