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Communism and Social Democracy Offer Starkly Different Models of Socialism, Discuss?

  • Date Submitted: 01/07/2014 01:08 PM
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Communism and Social Democracy offer starkly different models of socialism, discuss?

Socialism is traditionally defined by its opposition to capitalism attempting to provide a more humane and socially worthwhile alternative. In socialism, above all things there must be social equality. Communism is based on the idea of collective wealth, especially through private property and Social Democracy   is an ideological stance that supports a balance between market capitalism and state intervention. They both represent starkly different models of socialism.
Communism is a branch of Socialism which is typically associated with utopian socialists, it is defined by its rejection of private property, with the idea that everything is shared, an example of this is in the Jewish settlements called kibbutzims. These are small communities of people who split work equally and share everything, there is no one person in charge as this would not be equal. Communism is historically connected with Marxism, Marx himself believed that he developed a new brand of socialism that was more scientific in the sense that it was based on disclosing the nature of social and historic development , rather than with advancing   an essentially ethical critique of capitalism, which is what Social Democrats chose to do. For Marx full communism is a stateless and class less society, he said that the state would ‘wither away’ and that people can manage their own affairs peacefully and cooperatively as they are rational self-thinking creatures. Under communism a very high level of social equality would be present as wealth is based on needs rather than wants, this was organized and collectivized through a system of central planning.
However communism in the 20th century translated this image of distribution into a form of state collectivisation. As a result of this, these societies became politically repressive and gradually became unable to liberate humankind from material hardship, people became less...

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