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Reservation

  • Date Submitted: 05/24/2014 11:25 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 36.2 
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Reservation in India is the process of setting aside a certain percentage of seats (vacancies) in government institutions for members of backward and under-represented communities (defined primarily by caste and tribe). Reservation is a form of quota-based affirmative action. Reservation is governed by constitutional laws, statutory laws, and local rules and regulations.Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) are the primary beneficiaries of the reservation policies under the Constitution – with the object of ensuring a "level" playing field.
The reservation system has received a mixed response from Indians since its inception. It has been praised for diminishing the gap between the upper and lower castes by allowing the latter to enjoy the further increased opportunities as the former in jobs, education and governance by alloting seats exclusively for them. It has also been criticised for discouraging a merit-based system and encouraging vote bank politics.
By giving reservation on economic basis rather than on caste basis, we can ensure that the poor among the upper castes are not done injustice. It is gracious indeed to be concerned about students who are poor. But their problem can also be solved with the help of scholarships and financial assistance. But reservation policy is an answer to evils caused by social inequalities.The educational capacities of a person depend upon knowledge and training that he/she receives through various sources. This knowledge and training is acquired through school, coaching classes; TV, computers, books etc. educational aides and through family, parents, relatives etc. Some of these things depend upon one’s economic capacities. But social and educational capital plays a more important role than economic capital in the acquisition of knowledge and training. Backward classes do not have this capital due to denial to access knowledge and lack of a tradition of learning and education.Thus...

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