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Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development That Would Normally Be Expected in Children and Young People from Birth – 19 Years

  • Date Submitted: 05/26/2014 07:29 AM
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Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development that would   normally be expected in children and young people from birth – 19 years

Birth – 1 month:
Sleeps 20 hours a day
Crying – main form of communication – fosters early interaction.
Begins to have distinct facial expressions.
Moves around more.
Focuses both eyes together.
Can detect smells.
Sensitive to touch.
Uses reflexes.
Focuses on source of sound.
2 – 3 months:
Visual and oral exploration.
Cries, coos and grunts.
Emotional distress.
Smiles at a face – social smiling.
Imitates some movements and facial expressions.
Begins to realize he/she is a separate person from others.
Can be comforted by a familiar adult.
Can respond positively to touch.
4 – 6 months:
Babbling.
Feeds 3-5 times a day.
Control of head and arm movements.
Recognises parents.
Distinguishes familiar people.
Pays attention to own name.
Reaches, grasps and puts objects in mouth.
Laughs.
7 – 9 months:
Sits without support.
Crawls.
Emotional attachment to parents.
Separation anxiety.
Distinguishes between living and non living objects.
Aware that objects exist even when out of sight – object permanence.
10 – 12 months:
Controls legs/feet.
Can stand.
Responds to simple commands.
Responds to own name.
Throws objects.
Mimics simple actions.
Says first word.
1 – 1½ years:
Walks unaided.
Feeds himself/herself.
Obeys commands.
Repeats words.
Understands many words, simple phrases and directions.
1½ - 2 years:
Runs.
Toilet training.
Vocabulary of more than 200 words.
Temper tantrums.
Does opposite of what is told.
Expresses negative feelings.
Plays by himself/herself and initiates his/her own play.
Begins to show pride and pleasure at new accomplishments.
2 – 3 years:
Can jump.
Uses short sentences.
Copies parents actions.
Gives orders.
Sense of humour.
Fear of separation.
Develops a concept of ‘self’ and can identify himself/herself in the mirror.
Begins self-evaluation....

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