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Impediments to Intra-Regional Trade in Sub-Saharan Africa
Prepared for the Commonwealth Secretariat

Jodie Keane, Massimiliano Calì & Jane Kennan Overseas Development Institute
September 2010

Overseas Development Institute 111 Westminster Bridge Road London SE1 7JD, UK

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Impediments to Intra-Regional Trade in Sub-Saharan Africa - Prepared for the Commonwealth Secretariat

Contents
Contents Tables, figures & boxes List of acronyms Executive summary Introduction 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2 2.1 2.2 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 4 Intra-regional trade in sub-Saharan Africa Theory and practice Newer contributions to theory Trends Potential for intra-regional trade – structural analysis The impact of non-tariff barriers on intra-regional trade Types and potential trade impacts of non-tariff barrier Quantitative assessment of the effects of NTBs on intra-regional SSA trade flows: SADC Addressing non-tariff barriers in SADC The SADC Trade Protocol and Rules on NTBs NTBs identified and measures in place in SADC Other strategies to address the trade effects of NTBs in SADC Conclusion References Appendix 1 - Major regional economic communities in Africa Appendix 2: GDP per capita for SADC and ECOWAS members Appendix 3: ECOWAS trade and revealed comparative advantages Appendix 4: SADC trade and revealed comparative advantages Appendix 5: Quantitative Assessment of NTBs on Trade, SADC Appendix 6: Non-tariff barriers in SADC i ii iv vi 1 2 2 3 3 12 18 18 21 27 27 28 32 36 38 41 42 43 47 53 56

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Impediments to Intra-Regional Trade in Sub-Saharan Africa - Prepared for the Commonwealth Secretariat

Tables, figures & boxes
Tables

Table 1: Impacts of NTBs registered on TRAINs on Intra-Regional Trade in SADC Table 2: ECOWAS intra-regional exports (% share) Table 3: ECOWAS...

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