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Explain the Cosmological Argument with Reference to the Uncaused Cause, Unmoved Mover and the Necessary Being

  • Date Submitted: 02/22/2015 06:26 AM
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Explain the cosmological argument with reference to the uncaused cause, unmoved mover and the necessary being. (30 marks)
The cosmological argument is an inductive argument which thinks about where the universe came from, and why it came from something rather than nothing, using human’s capability to observe. The cosmological argument (CA) is an inductive argument because it states that we gather our data from observations a nd we then make a conclusion based on the evidence we have found. However, those conclusions made from an inductive argument are only ever potential conclusions; they cannot be definite as it could always be likely that another conclusion may be correct. The cosmological argument has been said to also be an a posteriori argument as well as an inductive argument.   These two arguments are both similar as they are both based on evidence which has been collected. Thomas Aquinas was a Christian in the 13th century who attempted to use logic and reason to create a support for the belief that God is the responsible being for everything in the universe.   From this, he created the cosmological argument which is based on natural theology.
In Aquinas’s view, infinite regress is not possible. However, the CA is based on the conclusion that everything in the universe exists because it was caused by something else- a higher being, God. But what was God created by, and what was whoever created God created by? This suggests a chain of causes going back and back into the past which is called causation. Aquinas argues that if the universe was infinite, everything that could have already possibly happened would have already happened.   As the universe exists now, it cannot have been without a beginning. If there was a time when there was nothing then there should logically be nothing now. In order for something to exist, a first cause is necessary which Aquinas argues to be a being which depends on nothing else to exist and this is what we call God. There are...

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