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Why Was Ireland Partitioned in 1922?

  • Date Submitted: 03/24/2015 10:49 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 53.2 
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Why was Ireland partitioned in 1922?
The partition of Ireland was the separation of Ulster: Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry and Tyrone which stayed within the British Empire, and Southern Ireland which later became the Republic of Ireland in 1949. The 1920 Government of Ireland Act led the way for the partition and was confirmed in December 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 when Northern Ireland to opt out of the newly established Irish Free State.
The First World War would have played a major part in the partition of Ireland due to the sheer amount of controversary and hostility that it caused between the British and the Irish. The Irish Nationalist party and the Ulster Unionists were committed to helping Britain in the war effort. They believed that it would aid Ireland’s economy and get them on the good side of the British government but soon the Nationalists became frustrated as they realised there would be no soon ending of the war and they were losing a lot of men. The Ulster volunteer force also had a special division in the British army whereas the Irish volunteers did not, showing the lack of consideration from the British for their nationalist stance. They came to realise that there would be no constitutional change for them and that the war was no longer Irelands concern.
The aftermath of the easter Rising also played a part in the partitioning of Ireland. The Rising which took place in Dublin in 1916 turned many of the Irish public against the unruly extremists as they had caused more trouble for themselves and the city than it as worth. Many innocent lives were taken and houses destroyed. However after the rebellion the British ruthlessly killed ringleaders such as Patrick Pearse and James Connolly which resulted in a dramatic change of public opinion. The extreme leaders of the Nationalist movement were seen as martyrs for Ireland and
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De Valera?

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