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Media

  • Date Submitted: 05/11/2011 06:34 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 34.9 
  • Words: 1910
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Media of India

Publicity poster for the film Raja Harishchandra (1913) at Coronation Hall, Girgaon, Mumbai.
Media of India consist of several different types of communications media: television, radio, cinema, newspapers, magazines, and Internet-based Web sites. The Indian media was initiated since the late 18th century with print media started in 1780, radio broadcasting initiated in 1927, and the screening of Auguste and Louis Lumière moving pictures in Bombay initiated during the July of 1895 —is among the oldest and largest media of the world.[1] Indian media—private media in particular—has been "Free and Independent" throughout most of its history.[2] The period of emergency (1975–1977), declared by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was the brief period when India's media was faced with potential government retribution.[2][3]
The country consumed 99 million newspaper copies as of 2007—making it the second largest market in the world for newspapers.[4] By 2009, India had a total of 81,000,000 Internet users—comprising 7.0% of the country's population,[5] and 7,570,000 people in India also had access to broadband Internet as of 2010— making it the 11th largest country in the world in terms of broadband Internet users.[6] As of 2009[update], India is among the 4th largest television broadcast stations in the world with nearly 1,400 stations.[7]
The organization Reporters Without Borders compiles and publishes an annual ranking of countries based upon the organization's assessment of their press freedom records. In 2010 India was ranked 122nd of 178th countries, which was a setback from the preceding year.[8]
Contents[hide]   * 1 Print media   * 2 Audio-Visual media   * 3 Communications   * 4 Cinema   * 5 Suppression   * 6 Notes   * 7 References   * 8 External links |
Print media

The Anandabazar Patrika—founded in 1922 by Prafulla Chandra Sarkar—has the largest circulation for a single-edition regional language newspaper in India.

The headquarters of...

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