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Albert Einstein |
Albert Einstein, 1921 |
Born | 14 March 1879(1879-03-14)
Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire |
Died | 18 April 1955 (aged 76)
Princeton, New Jersey, USA |
Resting place | Grounds of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey. |
Residence | Germany, Italy, Switzerland, USA |
Ethnicity | Jewish |
Citizenship | * Württemberg/Germany (until 1896) * Stateless (1896–1901) * Switzerland (from 1901) * Austria (1911–12) * Germany (1914–33) * Albania (from 1935) * United States (from 1940) |
Alma mater | * ETH Zurich * University of Zurich |
Known for | * General relativity * Special relativity * Photoelectric effect * Brownian motion * Mass-energy equivalence * Einstein field equations * Unified Field Theory * Bose–Einstein statistics |
Spouse | * Mileva Marić (1903–1919) * Elsa Löwenthal, née Einstein, (1919–1936) |
Awards | * Nobel Prize in Physics (1921) * Copley Medal (1925) * Max Planck Medal (1929) * Time Person of the Century |
Albert Einstein (pronounced /ˈælbərt ˈaɪnstaɪn/; German: [ˈalbɐt ˈaɪnʃtaɪn] ( listen); 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a theoretical physicist, philosopher and author who is widely regarded as one of the most influential and best known scientists and intellectuals of all time. A German-Swiss Nobel laureate, he is often regarded as the father of modern physics. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect".
Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led to...