1. Discuss the underly reasons for the rapid growth of crime laboratories in the United States since the late 1960?
The rate of crime in the country in recent years has grown rapidly. Another reason is having to send anything that was collected at a search to the crime lab for analysis. Also DNA profiling. Sending a blood sample is another, this is usually sent for DNA analysis.
2. Describe the criteria for admissibility of scientific evidence as laid out in Frye v. United States.
The criteria are the procedure, technique and principle must be accepted by the scientific community.
3. What document offers an alternative to the Frye standard that some courts believe espouses a more flexible standard admitting scientific evidence?
The Federal rules of Evidence which consist of admissibility of all evidence which include expert testimony.
4. In its decision in Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmacuticals Inc. Who did the US Supreme Court charge with ensuring that an experts testimony rest on a reliable foundation and is relevant to the case?
The trial judge. Many stated use this in setting a
Standard of evidence that s scientific to be
5. What is the main difference between the testimony given by an expert witness and that given by a lay witness?
The main difference between an expert witness and a lay witness is: An expert witness has the knowledge relevant to the case and a lay witness is someone who testifies without personal opinion and has to be factual.
6. Describe the advantages of incorporating an evidence collecting unit into the organizational structure of the crime laboratory?
You would have specially trained evidence collectors that will preserve the crime scene.