Words of Wisdom:

"We are born to love,not to hate.We are born to love each other not to destroy one another." - Barristar

Effects of the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

  • Date Submitted: 01/28/2010 06:29 AM
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Ever since the dawn of time man has found new ways of killing each other.   The


most destructive way of killing people known to man would have to be the atomic bomb.


The reason why the atomic bomb is so destructive is that when it is detonated, it has


more than one effect.   The effects of the atomic bomb are so great that Nikita


Khrushchev said that the survivors would envy the dead (International Physicians for the


Prevention of Nuclear War, 1982).   These devastating physical effects come from the


atomic bomb’s blast, the atomic bomb’s thermal radiation, and the atomic bomb’s


nuclear radiation.


An atomic bomb is any weapon that gets its destructive power from an atom.


This power comes when the matter inside of the atoms is transformed into energy.   The


process by which this is done is known as fission.   The only two atoms suitable for


fissioning are the uranium isotope U-235 and the plutonium isotope Pu-239 (Outlaw


Labs).   Fission occurs when a neutron, a subatomic particle with no electrical charge,


strikes the nucleus of one of these isotopes and causes it to split apart.   When the nucleus


is split, a large amount of energy is produced, and more free neutrons are also released.


These neutrons then in turn strike other atoms, which causes more energy to be released.


If this process is repeated, a self-sustaining chain reaction will occur, and it is this chain


reaction that causes the atomic bomb to have its destructive power (World Book, 1990).


This chain reaction can be attained in two different ways.


The first type of atomic bomb ever used was a gun-type.   In this type two


subcritical pieces of U-235 are placed in a device similar to the barrel of an artillery


shell.   One piece is placed at one end of the barrel and will remain there at rest.   The
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